AI  PIONEER

 

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M   N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

 

Trier 대학 컴퓨터 과학자 홈페이지 목록            St Andrews 대학 수학자 인명사전

 

A

David W. Aha : Navy Center for Applied Research in AI : Case-based reasoning

Narendra Ahuja : Illinois 대학 : 컴퓨터비전 (human-computer interaction을 위한 영상과 3D scenes 간의 관계 이해)

Luigia Carlucci Aiello : Univ Di Roma A Sapienza (Italy) : 지식표현을 위한 Logics, Nonmonotonic Reasoning.

Igor Aleksander : Neural Systems Engineering at Imperial College : Neuromodelling, artificial consciousness

James Allen : Rochester 대학 : AI : Theory and Practice 저자 : natural language understanding, discourse .....

Yiannis Aloimonos : Maryland 대학 : AI : Theory and Practice 저자, 컴퓨터비전, 인지와 추론과 행동의 통합

Saul Amarel : Rutgers 대학 : representation (problem solving, computational planning .....)

James A. Anderson : Brown 대학 cognitive : Neural network

John R. Anderson : CMU 심리학과 : Cognitive Psychology and Its Implication (4th ed),  ACT-R

Michael Anderson : Hartford Computer Science : further enabling machine autonomy, machine ethics

Michael A. Arbib : USC : schema theory, Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks (2nd ed.)

Aristotle

Antoine Arnauld : 프랑스 신학자, The Art of Thinking

Kevin Ashley : Pittsburgh 대학 : AI 와 법률 (computationally modeling case-based reasoning in law)

Isaac Asimov

Kendall Atkinson : Iowa 수학과 : 수치해석, Elementary Numerical Analysis 의 저자

B

Charles Babbage

Fahiem Bacchus : Univ. of Toronto : reasoning and representation in AI. CSP, planning, SAT, Bayesian Inference

Francis Bacon : 귀납논리의 중요성 강조, 경험론

Judith Bachant : Digital Equipment Cor : DEC 의 전문가시스템 (embedding expert configuration systems) 분야의 개척자

John Backus : Speedcoding 개발, Fortran 설계, BNF (Backus Naur Form) 발명

Ruzena Bajcsy : Berkeley : Computer vision, robotics, hybrid systems, medical imaging

Robert Balzer : USC Information Sciences Institute : automatic programming 과 지식기반 개발환경

Ranan B. Banerji : Saint Joseph's 대학 : problem-solving, game-playing, machine learning 분야의 기초 개척자

Harry Barrow : Schlumberger Cambridge Res (영국) : 인간과 기계에서의 vision 의 계산적 성격의 이해

Bernard Baars : Neuroscience Institute : A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness   Global Workspace Theory

Andrew G. Barto : Massachusetts 대학 : learning (Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction 저자)

Thomas Bayes : Bayes 정리

George Bekey : USC: 지능로봇 (health care, space technology, human service 응용)

Tim Berners-Lee : 웹 창조

Wolfgang Bibel : Darmstadt Univ of Tech (독일) : automated deduction, 지식표현

Alan Biermann : Duke Univ : computational linguistics (자동 자연어이해), automatic programming

Thomas O. Binford : Stanford 대학 : computer vision 과 로봇의 model-based perception 분야의 개척자

Ned Block : 뉴욕대 철학과 : philosophy of mind, foundations of neuroscience, cognitive science, consciousness

Daniel Bobrow : XEROX Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)

Margaret Boden : University of Sussex : AI 의 철학, 심리학과의 연관, AI 의 사회적 의미

Piero Bonissone : General Electric CR&D : 불확실성 계산과 퍼지기반 제어시스템에의 응용분야의 개척자

George Boole : Boolean Algebra 개발

George S. Boolos : computability and logic

Robert Boyer : Univ of Texas, Austin : A Computational Logic Handbook

Ronald Brachman : DARPA : Artificial Intelligence, Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Michael Brady : Oxford 대학 (영국)

Ivan Bratko : Jozef Stefan Institute (슬로베니아) : Prolog Programming for AI (3rd ed.)

Frederick P. Brooks Jr : North Carolina에서 최초의 컴퓨터과학과 설립, 인터럽트 개념을 고안

Rodney Brooks : MIT AI Lab

Bruce Buchanan : CS of Pittsburgh  Center for Biomedical Informatics  Rule-Based E.S  Bruce G.Buchanan

Alan Bundy : Edinburgh 대학(영국) informatics : 수학적 추론과정의 이해

Richard R. Burton

Tom Bylander : Univ. of Texas at San Antonio : AI, knowledge-based systems, machine learning, planning

C

Georg Cantor

Jaime Carbonell : CMU Computer Science  Language Technologies Institute : Machine Learning

Rudolf Carnap : 논리실증주의 혹은 논리경험주의의 대표자

Gail A. Carpenter : 보스톤 대학 Cognitive and Neural Systems : ART (Adaptive Resonance Theory) 개발

Hugh Cartwright : Oxford 대학 화학과 : Physical chemistry experiment, Artificial Intelligence

John L. Casti

B. Chandrasekaran : Ohio 주립대 : intelligence (problem solving, understanding, and explanation)

David Chalmers : Philosophy of Australian National Univ  Center for Consciousness : Consciousness, 심리철학

Eugene Charniak : Brown 대학 : language understanding (지식표현, reasoning under uncertainty, learning)

Peter Cheeseman : Nasa Bayesian group (Automated Learning) : 불확실성 과 Bayes

Yoonsuck Choe : Computer Science, Texas A&M University : Neural network, computational neuroscience ....

Noam Chomsky : MIT AI Lab : syntactic 이론

Ron Chrisley : Cognitive Science in Sussex : Philosophy, Artificial mentality, artificial emotion, artificial consciousness

Alonzo Church : Church Tuting Thesis

Patricia S. Churchland : UCSD 철학과 : how the mind works. how the brain works

Paul M. Churchland : UCSD 철학과 : philosophy of science, the philosophy of mind, AI, cognitive neurobiology .....

William J.Clancey : NASA/Ames Research Center : expert system, scientific and engineering modeling 분야 AI 개척자

Paul R. Cohen : Computer, Massachusetts  EKSL: real-time planning, 전문가시스템에서의 불확실성 처리분야에 공헌

Philip Cohen : Oregon Graduate Institute : HCI, speech act theory, 자연어처리

Kenneth Colby : PARRY (편집증 (paranoid) 치료를 위한 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션) 를 만든 정신과 의사

Allan Collins : Principal Scientist at Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc., Education and Social Policy at Northwestern Univ.

Alain Colmerauer : prolog 개발

John Conway : 생명게임 (Game of Life)

Stephen Cook : Computational Complexity Theory

Rodney Cotterill : Cognitive Neuroscience at Technical University of Denmark : Brain, Consciousness

D

Leonardo da Vinci

Charles Darwin

Randall Davis : MIT AI Lab

Johan De Kleer : XEROX Parc

Thomas Dean : Brown Univ : AI : Theory and Practice 저자, automated planning, temporal reasoning, and robotics.

Rina Dechter : UC, Irvine : automated problem solving, heuristic search, constraint processing.

Gerald Dejong : Illinois 대학 : 자연어처리, 머신러닝, 설명기반추론

Augustus de Morgan

Daniel Dennett :  Tufts 대학 : AI 와 심리철학, 인지과학의 개척자

René Descartes

Thomas Dietterich : Oregon 주립대 : machine learning 과 그 방법론, Machine Learning Resources ....

Edsger W. Dijkstra : 단순함을 찾아서.. (In Pursuit of Simplicity), 최단경로 탐색, Semaphore, 만찬의 철학자들

Jon Doyle : North Carolina 주립대 : rational activity 의 구조와 해석, Rational representation, reasoning, discovery ...

Hubert Dreyfus : UC Berkeley 철학과 : AI 의 철학적 비판, What computer still can't do?

Edmund Durfee : Michigan 대학 :  multiagent systems, distributed computing, real-time intelligent control.  

Richard O. Duda : San Jose주립대 : Pattern Classification ★(2nd ed: Peter E. Hart , David G. Stork), 패턴인식, 신경망

John Durkin : Electrical Engineering  of Akron

E

Robert Engelmore : Stanford 대학 : expert systems technology 개척자, Application of knowledge-based systems

Lee Erman : Cimflex Teknowledge Corporation : AI 기술 발전에 공헌

Susan L. Epstein : Hunter College of New York : machine learning, knowledge representation, cognition

M.C. Escher : National Gallery of Art

F

Lawrence M.Fagan : Stanford Medical Informatics (SMI)

Ronald Fagin : IBM Almaden Research Center : Applications of logic to computer science, Reasoning about knowledge

Edward Feigenbaum :  Stanford Computer Science : Knowledge Systems Lab (KSL)   

Jacob Feldman : Psychology, Cognitive Science, Rutgers University : human visual perception

Richard Fikes : Stanford Univ, KSL : STRIPS (automatic planning system) 공동개발, OKBC, KEE system 개발

David B. Fogel : Natural-selection Inc : science and application of evolutionary computation

Lawrence J. Fogel : Natural-selection Inc : Intelligence Through Simulated Evolution (1999), evolutionary programming

Kenneth Forbus : ISL/Northwestern Univ : qualitative reasoning, spatial reasoning, analogical reasoning ...

Kenneth Ford : UWF/Inst for Human & Machine Cognition : large-scale AI research programs and institutions. 

Jerry A. Fodor : Cognitive Science at Rutgers Univ. : Philosophical problems about psychology, psycholinguistics ...

Charles L. Forgy : CMU : OPS5, 전문가시스템에서의 Rete algorithm    

Mark Fox : Toronto 대학(캐나다) : factory planning, scheduling, project management, material design 에 AI 응용

Stan Franklin : Computer Science of Memphis Univ. : Artificial Minds, Cognitive Modeling using the IDA Model ...

Walter Freeman : The Neurophysiology and Neuromodeling Group of Berkeley : How Brains make up their Minds

Gottlob Frege

Eugene C. Freuder : New Hampshire 대학 : constraint-based reasoning

Peter Friedland : NASA Ames Research Center : planning, scientific discovery, AI 와 우주탐색 분야 개척자

Kunihiko Fukushima : Tokyo Univ. of Technology : modeling neural networks, vision, Neocognitron 발명

G

Brian R. Gaines : University of Calgary   Knowledge Science Institute

Michael Gelfond : Texas Tech Univ : 지식표현(상식, 행동), logic programming(prolog), nonmonotonic reasoning

Michael Genesereth : Stanford 대학 logic group : Computational Logic 과 그응용     

Michael Georgeff : Agentis Internatinal INC (Australia) : reactive planning technology 와 agent architectures 개척자   

John Gero : Sydney 대학(호주) : 건축공학과 디자인 분야에 AI 응용의 개척자 , design science, AI, optimization, CAD

Matthew Ginsberg : Oregon 대학 : nonmonotonic reasoning, planning, and search. constraint

Kurt Gödel : 불완전성 정리 (Incompleteness Theorem)

David E. Goldberg : Illinois Genetic Algorithm Lab : Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning

Cordell Green : Kestrel Inst : logic programming 기초이론, deductive data base field 기초...... ACM award

Eric Grimson : MIT AI Lab : 컴퓨터비전의 의학응용 (Medical vision group)

Stephen Grossberg : 보스톤 대학 Cognitive and Neural Systems : 부인 Gail A. Carpenter 와 함께 ART 개발

Barbara Grosz : Harvard Univ : Collaborative Planning and Human-Computer Communication

Amar Gupta : MIT media lab

H

Joseph Halpern : Cornell 대학 : 지식, 상식, 믿음(belief), 확률 간의 논리와 관계에 대한 연구     

William Rowan Hamilton : Graph theory

Juris Hartmanis : Computational Complexity Theory  

Roland Hausser  : 전산언어학, 전산언어학의 기초

David Haussler : UCSC, Howard Hughes Medical Institute : machine learning (genomics, bioinformatics, 패턴인식..)  

Patrick Hayes : UWF / Inst for Human & Machine Cogn : Computation and Deduction

Barbara Hayes-Roth : Stanford : Adaptive Intelligent Systems : Guardian  Patient Advocate  

Frederick Hayes-Roth : Hewlett Packard Co : 전문가시스템의 상용화에 기여, Hearsay II 개발, ROSIE .....

Simon Haykin : MacMaster 대학 Adaptive System lab : Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation 저자

Donald Hebb : The Organization of Behavior 저자

Robert Hecht-Nielsen : UCSD Electrical & Computer Engineering : brain theory, neural networks and Perceptron theory

David Heckerman : MS machine learning group : 불확실성하에서의 추론과 학습, Learning with Bayesian Network

W. Heisenberg

Carl Hempel : Confirmatin Theory

James Hendler : Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. : planning, knowledge representation, high-performance AI      

Carl Hewitt : MIT AI lab : PLANNER: a language for proving theorems in robots

David Hilbert

Ellen Hildreth : Wellesley College : AI (motion vision, natural computation)       

Daniel Hillis : Parallel Computing, Biological Connection

Geoffrey Hinton : Toronto 대학 (캐나다) : machine learning  publication

Julia Hirschberg : AT&T Bell Labs : Computational Linguistics (음성합성에서 intonation 과 discourse 와의 결합 개척)

Thomas Hobbes

Jerry Hobbs : USC / Information Sciences Inst SRI International :  AI 특히 자연어 이해와 지식표현  

Douglas Hofstadter : Indiana 대학 CRCC : 괴델,에셔,바흐 저자, AI, cognitive science, philosophy of mind ..

John Holland : 유전자 알고리즘 창시

John J.Hopfield : 약력 : Cal Tech  John Hopfield : Hopfield Network

Berthold Horn : MIT AI lab : Lisp, Photogrammetry, Diaphanography, Cone Beam CT, Robot Vision 저자

Eric Horvitz : MS adaptive systems : 불확실성하의 추론과 의사결정, decision theory(전문가시스템에 응용), Bayesian  

Jim Howe : Edinburgh 대학(영국) : design of learning environments, AI technology

K. Huff

David Hume : 귀납법 (Induction)

J

Ray Jackendoff : Center for Cognitive in Tufts : Natural language semantics/conceptual structure

Peter Jackson : Thomson Corporation : Expert system, Natural language processing

Charlotte D.Jacobs : Stanford Medical Informatics (SMI)

Ramesh Jain : USCD vision lab : 컴퓨터 비전의 개척자   

Nicholas Jennings : ECS at Southampton Univ : the use of agent-based techniques for real-world applications

Richard Johnsonbaugh : 이산수학 (Discrete Mathmatics) 의 대가 ◆  prenhall.com, depaul.com 에서는 각종 자료제공

Philip N. Johnson-Laird : Princeton 대학 심리학과 : mental models, WordNet (George Miller가 개발한 대규모 의미망)

Michael Jordan : UC at Berkeley : reasoning under uncertainty, machine learning, human motor control

Aravind Joshi : Pennsylvania 대학 : 형식언어, 자연어처리, 인지과학, mathmatical linguistics      

K

Leslie Pack Kaelbling : MIT AI lab : situated agents, machine learning, planning, mobile robotics

Daniel Kahneman : Psychology of Princeton Univ. : behavioral finance, cognitive science, heuristics

Rudolf E. Kalman : 제어, Kalman Filter

Takeo Kanade : CMU : computer vision, multi-media technology, robotics

Laveen N. Kanal : Maryland  at CP : pattern recognition, heuristic search 와 응용

Elaine Kant : Scicomp Inc      

Richard Karp : UC at Berkeley : Complexity theory, NP-complete

Henry Kautz : Washington 대학 : AI (plan recognition, 지식표현, software agents 등등) 

Michael J. Kearns : Computer, Univ. of Pennsylvania : AI, machine learning, computational learning theory

Philip Klahr : The softad Group and inference corporation: business problems 해결에 AI 응용

Kevin Knight : USC Information Sciences Institute : 자연어처리, semantics, machine translation, unification ...

Donald Knuth : Stanford 명예교수 : The Art of Computer Programming

Daphne Koller : Stanford Computer Science : Robotics Laboratory, Theory Group

Teuvo Kohonen : Helsinki 대학 : Self Organizing Map

Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov : 확률론 (Foundations of the Theory of Probability)

Janet Kolodner : Georgia Inst of Tech : case-based reasoning 저자, learning 개척자 (정보검색, 문제해결, 지식획득)   

Kurt Konolige : SRI International : nonmonotonic logic, reasoning about beliefs, mobile robotics 분야에 중요한 공헌

Richard Korf : UCLA Computer Science : heuristic search (Iterative Deepening A*)

Bart A. Kosko : Electrical Engineering of Southern California : Bidirectional Associative Memory

Robert A. Kowalski : Computing of Imperial College

John Koza : Genetic Programming 창시

Sarit Kraus : Bar-Ilan Univ(이스라엘), Maryland 대학 : automated negotiation, collaboration, non-monotonic ....

Benjamin Kuipers : Texas 대학, Austin Qualitative Reasoning : 불완전한 지식하에서의 모델링과 시뮬레이션

Casimir Kulikowski : Rutgers Univ : AI in medicine, medical informatics, bioinformatics

Raymond Kurzweil : Kurzweilai Inc 설립 패턴인식연구 (OCR, 최초의 CCD flat-bed scanner, 최초의 tts synthesizer 개발)

Henry Kyburg : Rochester 대학 & UWF/IHMC : 확률, 통계, nonmonotonic inference, uncertain inference         

L

John Laird : Michigan 대학 : machine learning, SOAR

Thomas K. Landauer : Colorado 대학 심리학과 : The Trouble With Computers 저자

Julien O. La Mettrie : 인간 기계론 : Man a Machine

Pat Langley : Study Learning & Expertise :  machine learning, computational learning lab (Stanford)

Thomas K. Landauer

Christopher Langton : 인공생명 (Artificial Life) 의 창시자

Pierre Laplace

Jean-Claude Latombe : Stanford 대학 robotics lab : robotics (특히 Robot Motion Planning 저자)     

Kai-Fu Lee : MS Natural Interactive Services Division (NISD) : 최초의 화자독립 연속 음성인식 시스템 (Sphinx) 개발 Gottfried Leibnitz

Douglas Lenat : Cycorp : OpenCyc : 거대한 지식베이스 Cyc 제작 (상식)

Victor Lesser : Massachusetts 대학 multiagent lab : blackboard system, distributed AI, real-time AI

Hector Levesque : Toronto 대학 (캐나다) cognitive robotics : 지식표현과 추론, logic of  knowledge base

Leonid Levin : Theory of Computation, NP-complete

David N. L. Levy

Vladimir Lifschitz : Texas 대학, Austin (러시아) Action group :  상식과 추론, Answer set programming

John Locke : 경험론적 인식론의 창시자

Donald Loveland : Duke 대학 : automated deduction, 자동추론, 자동정리증명, logic programming, 전문가시스템

Tomas Lozano-Perez : MIT    

George F. Luger : New Mexico 대학 : complex problem solving

M

Robert Macgregor : USC / Information Sciences Inst : knowledge representation

Alan Mackworth : British Columbia 대학 (캐나다) : learning demo , Computational intelligence(logic approach)

Pattie Maes : MIT's Media Lab  Software Agents Group : pioneers of a new research area called Software Agents

Sridhar Mahadevan : Massachusetts 대학 : Robot, Reinforcement learning

Benoit Mandelbrot : Fractal 창조

Steve Mann : University of Toronto : wearable computing

Zohar Manna : Stanford REACT group :  STeP (Stanford Temporal Prover) verification system, 프로그래밍의 Logic

Andrei Markop : 마르코프 모델

Mitchell P. Marcus : Pennsylvania 대학: 자연어처리 (parsing architectures for integrating syntax, semantics,psycholinguistic phenomena), large corpora(언어자료) 에 기초한 learning

David Marr : 컴퓨터 비전

Matthew Mason : CMU : robot manipulation 분야에 공헌 (compliant force control, planning under uncertainty ...)      

David McAllester : Toyota Technological Inst : 지식표현, 추론, search, planning

John McCarthy : Stanford Computer Science

James McClelland : CMU 심리학과 : cognitive neuroscience, Parallel distributed processing

Pamela McCorduck : 과학 저널리스트

Warren McCulloch

John Mcdermott : Optumit  

Drew Mcdermott : Yale 대학 : automated planning, robotics, agent communication   

Colin McGinn : Philosophy of Rutgers Univ. : philosophy of mind (consciousness, intentionality and imagination)

Kathleen Mckeown : Columbia 대학 : 자연어 생성, 언어와 그래픽의 통합       

Zbigniew Michalewicz : Genetic Algorithm + Data Structure = Evolution Programs

Ryszard S. Michalski : George Mason 대학 : machine learning (conceptual foundations and system applications)

Donald Michie : 영국 Edinburgh 대학 AIAI :

John Stuart Mill : 공리주의 (Utilitarianism)

Jack Minker : Maryland 대학 PRISM : Deductive Databases, Logic Programming, Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Marvin Minsky : MIT media lab : 지식표현을 위한 frame 이론

Steven Minton : USC Fetch : machine learning, planning, constraint satisfaction  

Melanie Mitchell : Oregon Health & Science 대학 : Complex systems. Evolutionary computation, artificial life ....

Tom Mitchell : CMU computer Science : machine learning : lecture slide

Dharmendra Modha : IBM Research - Almaden : Cognitive Computing, SyNAPSE project

Hans Moravec : Robotics Institute  CMU : Mind Children: The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence

Stephen H. Muggleton : Imperial College bioinformatics : Inductive Logic Programming 저자

John Mylopoulos : Toronto 대학 : information modelling, 캐나다 AI 리더,후학양성, oldest AI society 에 기여

N

John Nash

Dana Nau : Marland 대학 : search algorithms, planning (Shop, Bridge Baron)

Ramakant Nevatia : USC : computer vision 개척자 (특히 computational descriptions of complex 3-D objects)

Monty Newborn : Computer Chess Comes of Age 저자

Allen Newell : CMU  Psychology : General Problem Solver 개발

Nils J.Nilsson : Stanford Computer Science : Robotics : Artificial Intelligence : A New Synthesis

Donald A. Norman : XEROX Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)

Peter Norvig : Google Inc : educational materials, 자연어처리, web-based technology     

P

Yoh-Han Pao : Case Western Reserve 대학 : adaptive pattern recognition (특히 신경망을 이용한 패턴인식)

Seymour Papert : Papert.com, MIT media lab

Blaise Pascal

Ramesh Patil : USC, I2 Technologies : medical AI, diagnostic reasoning, 지식표현

Edwin Pednault : IBM research : automated probabilistic modeling techniques for data mining applications

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov : 생리학자, 조건반사

Judea Pearl : UCLA Computer Science : Causality (인과관계), Heuristics (Intelligent Search Strategies)

Charles Sanders Peirce : 프래그머티즘(실용주의) 의 창시자, Abduction

Roger Penrose : The Emperor's New Mind 저자

Fernando Pereira : Pennsylvania 대학 machine learning : machine-learnable models

C. Raymond Perrault : SRI International

Henry Petroski

Jacques Pitrat : P. and M. Curie 대학 (France)  : 프랑스 AI 개척자, 후학양성, metaknowledge 에 공헌  

Walter Pitts

Tomaso Poggio : MIT : Brain and Cognitive Science, Holographic Models of Memory   

Martha Pollack : Michigan 대학 : 제한된 자원에서의 planning, 담화 분석에서의 혁신적인 연구

George Pólya : heuristics

Dean Pomerleau : CMU NavLab : ALVINN (신경망에 의한 무인자동차)

David Poole : British Columbia 대학 (Canada) : abductive inference, probabilistic reasoning, 불확실성하의 추론   

Emil Post : Production Rule

Ilya Prigogine

Hilary Putnam

Zenon Pylyshyn : Rutgers 대학 심리학과 : AI 와 인지과학의 초석, visual indexing theory

Q

M. Ross Quillian : 의미망 (Semantic Network) 발명

Ross Quinlan : New South Wales 대학 (호주) :  C4.5: Programs for machine Learning,  Rulequest, ID3 알고리즘

R

William Rapaport : University at Buffalo : AI, Computational Linguistics, Cognitive Science, Philosophical Issue

Michael Rabin : Harvard 대학 : algorithms, computer security, applications of randomization in computations.

Thomas Ray : Department of Zoology, University of Oklahoma : Digital Evolution (Tierra)

Raj Reddy : CMU speech : AI 기본적기술 개발(음성인식과 이해, expert systems, robotics 분야)     

Ray Reiter

Charles Rich : MERL : intersection of AI and software engineering 분야 개척자       

Elaine Rich : Texas 대학, Austin : Artificial Intelligence text book 저자   

Christopher Riesbeck : Northwestern 대학, ILS : natural language analysis 개척자, case-based reasoning

Edward Riseman : Massachusetts 대학 : computer vision (지식기반 영상이해, autonomous vehicle navigation.....)     

Edwina Rissland : Massachusetts 대학 : case-based reasoning, intelligent information retrieval ....

Dennis Ritchie : Bell lab Computing Science Research : Unix 와 C 언어 발명

John A. Robinson : Syracus 대학 : A Machine-Oriented Logic Based on the Resolution Principle

Nathaniel Rochester

Charles Rosen    

Frank Rosenblatt : Perceptron 발명

Paul Rosenbloom : USC : 심리학, cognition 과 AI 의 통합, SOAR

Azriel Rosenfeld : Maryland 대학 Automation Research 설립 : image analysis, computer vision

David Rumelhart : CMU : Backpropagation, Parallel Distributed Processing(MIT Press) 저자

Bertrand Russell

Stuart Russell : UC Berkeley : machine learning, 불확실성하의 planning, AIMA 저자

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Earl Sacerdoti : Corpernican group : pioneered what is now known as "modern problem solving."

Arthur Samuel : Stanford Computer Science : machine learning. game

Erik Sandewall : Linkoping 대학 (스웨덴) : language     

Tuomas Sandholm : CMU Computer Science Agent-Mediated Electronic Marketplaces Lab : electronic commerce ...

Ferdinand de Saussure : 구조주의 언어학파 창시자, 문자보다 말을 중시하는 언어관

Jonathan Schaeffer : Alberta 대학 Game group(Canada) : search, game (Chinook : 최초로 인간을 이긴 체커게임)

Robert Schalkoff : Clemson 대학 : 영상처리, 패턴인식, 컴퓨터비전, 신경망, Research  

Lenhart Schubert : Rochester 대학 : 자연어처리에 근본적인 기여 (특히 formalization of non-first order concepts)       

John Searle : 중국어방 논변, strong AI and weak AI, 미국의 심리철학,언어철학자

Oliver G. Selfridge

Terrence Sejnowski : UCSD Biological Science : Computational neuroscience

Bart Selman : Cornell 대학 : 지식표현과 추론,   reasoning, search, planning 에서의 범용 방법의 개발

Glenn Shafer : Accounting and Information Rutgers Univ : Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence

Roger Schank : Northwestern 대학   Cognitive Arts Corporation

Claude Shannon : 정보이론, 컴퓨터 체스, 오토마타 이론, Communication 의 수학이론

Stuart Shapiro : State University of New York at Buffalo : 지식표현과 추론의 이론과 실제, Encyclopedia of AI 저자

Yoav Shoham : Stanford 대학. Robotics : Reasoning about change : Time & Causation, 시간 추론

Edward Shortliffe : Stanford Medical Informatics (SMI) : MYCIN 을 개발한 내과의사

Howard Shrobe : MIT : 새로운 problem solving approaches 와 programming languages 의 개발

Candace Sidner : MERL(Mitsubishi Elec Research Lab) : user interfaces (특히 speech, 자연어 이해)     

Herbert Simon : CMU  Psychology : Rationality, Means-Ends analysis, Heuristic Problem Solving

Burrhus Skinner : 심리학자, 행동주의 주장, Science and Human Behavoir 저자

Albert Skolem : Diophantine equations, mathematical logic, group theory, lattice theory and set theory

Aaron Sloman : Birmingham 대학 (영국) : The Computer Revolution in Philosophy

Douglas Smith : Kestrel Institute : 효율적인 알고리즘 설계의 이론과 새로운 알고리즘의 개발 : complexity

Reid Smith : Schlumberger Limited : science and practice of knowledge management

Paul Smolensky : Johns Hopkens Univ. Cognitive Science

John Sowa : jfsowa :◆: knowledge representation and reasoning, Principle of Semantic Network 저자

Roger Sperry : 신경생물학자, 좌뇌와 우뇌 연구

Karen Sparck-Jones : Cambridge 대학 (영국) : 자연어처리에 공헌, 국제적 자연어처리 그룹 리더

Richard Stallman : Forward Reasoning and Dependency-Directed Backtracking, Free Software Movement

Richard Stearns : Computational Complexity Theory

Mark Steedman : Edinburgh 대학 (영국) : 자연어처리에서 syntax, semantics, prosody 의 통합 (categorial grammar)   

Guy Steele JR. : Sun Microsystems Labs    

Mark Stefik : XEROX Parc    

Mark Stickel : SRI International : high-performance automated reasoning 에 탁월한 공헌  

Bjarne Stroustrup : C++ 발명

Gerald Sussman : MIT AI Lab : PLANNER, MICRO-PLANNER 개발, A Computer Model of Skill Acquisition 저자

Richard Sutton : Massachusetts 대학 : machine learning, reinforcement learning ◆, temporal difference techniques

William Swartout : USC / Inst for Creative Technologies : knowledge-based machine explanation

Katia Sycara : CMU, Robotics institute : case-based reasoning, autonomous agents, multiagent systems

Peter Szolovits : MIT : AI in Medicine 의 개척자 ◆   

T

Robert E. Tarjan : Princeton 대학, 컴퓨터과학과 : 알고리즘과 자료구조의 설계, 분석

Alfred Tarski

Austin Tate : Edinburgh 대학 (영국) : knowledge based planning techniques, Poplog

Paul Thagard : 인지과학. 전산 철학

Richmond Thomason : Michigan 대학 : AI 와 computational linguistics 의 논리적기초 (logical foundation)

Edward Thorndike : 심리학자

Charles Thorpe : CMU : outdoor autonomous robots (Navlab vehicles 의 성공적인 개발)

Alan Turing : Turing Machine, Turing Test    

U

Jeffrey D. Ullman : Stanford Computer : database theory, database integration, data mining

Shimon Ullman : Weizmann Institute of Science Computer : Human and machine vision, Object Recognition, Brain Modeling

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Leslie Valiant : Harvard 대학 : computational learning theory, machine learning 연구의 기초   

Vladimir Vapnik : clrc : Support Vector Machine 이론 개발

John von Neumann : 현대적 컴퓨터 발명 (프로그램 내장 방식), 게임이론, 유전자 알고리즘의 선구자

W

Wolfgang Wahlster : Univ des Saarlandes (독일) German Research Center for AI (DFKI) : computational linguistics ◆

Alex Waibel : CMU : speech, language and other human communication signals

Richard Wallace : ALICE

David Waltz : Nec Research Institute INC    

Kevin Warwick : Reading 대학, Cybernetics 학과 : AI, 제어, 로봇

Bonnie L. Webber : Edinburgh 대학 (영국) : Natural-language processing, bioinformatics, artificial intelligence

Sholom Weiss : Rutgers 대학  : datamining, causal and expert reasoning, machine learning (특히 biomedicine)

Joseph Weizenbaum : ELIZA

Daniel Weld : Washington 대학 : qualitative reasoning methods, software agent technology, plan synthesis algorithms.  

Michael Wellman : Michigan 대학 : decision theory, computational economics, 전자상거래

Etienne Wenger : 지능적 교육 시스템 (Intelligent Tutoring System)    AI and Tutoring Systems ......

Paul Werbos : 역전파 (Back-propagation)

Alfred North Whitehead

William L. Whittaker : CMU : robotics education, field robotics 분야 개척

Bernard Widrow : Stanford Computer Science : 신경망의 Adaline, Madaline 모델 개발

Norbert Wiener : Cybernetics: Control and Communication in the Animal and in the Machine, Feedback

Robert Wilensky : UC Berkeley : Planning and Understanding 저자, Digital Documents, Robust Linking, 자연어처리

David Wilkins : SRI International : planning (특히 행동에 대한 표현과 추론의 효율적이고 유연한 방법)

Bruce Wilcox

Yorick Wilks : Sheffield 대학 (영국) : 자연어처리, Computational pragmatics, Computational Lexicon research

Terry Winograd : Stanford Computer Science : Understanding natural language 저자

Patrick Henry Winston : MIT AI Lab : Learning structural descriptions from examples, AI (3rd ed)

Ludwig Wittgenstein

William Woods : Sun Microsystems Lab : 자연어처리 (online에서 정보를 쉽게 찾을 수 있도록)

Beverly P. Woolf : Massachusetts 대학 : intelligent tutoring systems, authoring tool

Larry Wos : automated reasoning at Argonne

Y

Ronald Yager : Machine Intelligence Insitute

Z

Lofti Zadeh : Computer Science California at Berkeley : theory and applications of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic

Hans-Jürgen Zimmermann : RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany

Jacek M. Zurada : Louisville 대학 : Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems 저자

 

 

A.M. Turing Award        Allen Newell Award        Grace Murray Hopper Award

Computer Pioneer Award   Emanuel R. Piore Award   Benjamin Franklin Medal

AAAI Fellow     AAAI Past Officer      ACM Fellow     Harry M. Goode Award

ACM Turing Award Lectures    AI on the web : People     MIT AI lab : people 

역대 노벨상 수상자   Loebner Prize